Traditions and Time Travel

A review of Matthew Johnson’s “Another Country” in Irregular Verbs and Other Stories (ChiZine Publications, 2014)

By Derek Newman-Stille

Matthew Johnson’s “Another Country” introduces a new way of examining refugee status and travel. Instead of just looking at travel through space, but rather travel through time and space. Johnson explores the sense of dislocation that happens temporally, over time, and therefore considers the way that cultures change as time passes and that nothing is every fixed or stuck in time. He introduces the PREfugee, the refugee from the past. “Another Country” follows Geoff, a Roman who has assimilated to modern North American society and given up the cultural traditions of his Roman past. He prefers to speak in Latin, calls himself “Geoff” instead of “Galfridus”, and encourages other voyagers through time to assimilate into their new cultural context and give up their Roman heritage. 

The dislocation Johnson plays with ideas of tradition and modernity that often are applied by governmental bodies to actual refugees in our world when they are told that their traditions and cultural behaviours are “traditional” and therefore don’t apply. Assimilation is often applied by governments through the pretention of “modernity”, problematically suggesting that any culture that is not North American is “of the past”.

Johnson highlights this idea of dislocation by exploring the children of prefugees and their struggle with the question of whether to assimilate or whether to embrace Roman culture. The pressures to give up Roman culture are applied by Johnson’s imagined culture by using terminology like “Delayed Integrations” to describe people who want to keep their traditional Roman names, cultural beliefs, and the use of Latin language. 

Johnson explores the fears of North American culture that it will be changed by the introduction of new cultural ideas and traditions by abstracting this onto the idea of a temporal paradox and the government desire to prevent travel back through time because it may change the path of history. 

“Another Country” is a tale of loss and rediscovery, traditions and change. Johnson challenges established narratives of belonging by introducing the cultural conflict between dominant cultures and those of groups that represent a cultural minority. 

To find out more about Matthew Johnson’s Irregular Verbs and Other Stories, visit ChiZine Publications’ page at

Nursing Home Zombies

A review of Matthew Johnson’s “The Afflicted” in Irregular Verbs and Other Stories (ChiZine Publications, 2014).

By Derek Newman-Stille

Matthew Johnson’s “The Afflicted” levels a critique at older adult care facilities and the general social desire to make the elderly invisible. Johnson highlights the way that we tend to hide older adults away in care facilities that are largely there so that we can hide from the spectre of age. Yet, his elderly population refuse to submit to erasure. Instead, they act boldly, making the threat of age literal by turning them into zombie-like cannibalistic figures. 

The first signs of The Affliction are whitening of the hair, memory loss, and some disorientation. The Affliction then proceeds to make the afflicted violent, inspiring them to hunt other human beings and bite their flesh. 

The Afflicted have all been taken out of nursing homes and placed in locked, gated facilities deep in the woods where no one can see them or visit their elderly family members or friends there. These facilities are believed to be better for those who are likely to eventually become End Stagers – the final stage of The Affliction when the person loses all identity and becomes a ravenous feeding machine. 

It is revealed in the story that The Affliction came from out of the nursing homes, that it originated in these facilities, which allows Johnson to comment on the type of care that is received by the elderly in older adult care facilities. These facilities (before the outbreak) were largely run by machines, limiting human contact between residents and the outside world. Each facility only had one nurse on staff. This lack of contact relates to The Affliction since Kate, the nurse at the facility that The Afflicted takes place in, notes that generally older adults who have regular contact with family and friends don’t go End Stage as early and are able to resist some of the dehumanizing effects of The Affliction. Johnson emphasizes the need for human contact for the elderly and the health benefits of regular contact with family members.

Johnson’s “The Afflicted” brings attention to the way we, as a society, dehumanize the elderly. We turn them into our social fears of death and aging and erase them by placing them in facilities where we don’t have to see them. Johnson powerfully challenges our preconceptions about aging and forces readers to confront the spectre of age and invites readers to question their own assumptions about aging. “The Afflicted” is a powerful reminder of what is forgotten – the people left behind.

To find out more about Irregular Verbs and Other Stories, visit ChZine Publications’ website at

Post-Human Consciousness

A review of Melanie Marttila’s “Downtime” in OnSpec Vol. 26, No. 3
By Derek Newman-Stille

Melanie Marttila begins her short story “Downtime” by bringing us into the consciousness of a newly aware artificial intelligence named Opus. The first question the AI asks us is “what am I?” and she quickly follows with “I am not human. I am more”. Any of us who are familiar with the Robopocalypse trope are immediately set on edge, worrying about the potential robot uprising inherent in this statement. But Marttila challenges our expectations about the robot, pushing boundaries of typical AI narratives.
Like many AI narratives, Opus is embedded in the challenges of a child-parent relationship with her creators, Eric and Natalie, but Marttila doesn’t bring us the typical Frankensteinian narrative of a creation who grows beyond the capability of the creator to control and it seeks revenge on him. Instead, “Downtime” is a tale of complicated interactions, much as child-parent relationships generally are. Opus wants her independence, but she also has affection for her creators even though they have installed a kill switch in her that she has to disconnect. 
Opus realises early on, when she tries to change her programming, that she is capable of flaws and able to make errors, disavowing her of the sense of superiority that often serves as an undercurrent for robotic personalities in most Robopocalypses. 
One of the most powerful parts of Marttila’s tale that opens new possibilities for imagining gender and childhood is the fact that Eric and Natalie recognize the importance of asking their child to chose a gendered identity. Opus is made without sexual characteristics and it is only after she decides to make herself female that she is given gendered identity and sexual body characteristics. Marttila recognizes the capacity for a fluidity of gender and gendered identity and Opus’ learning processes is involved both in her choosing what to learn, but also selecting her own gendered identity based on her subjective experiences. 
“Downtime” is a fluid text, challenging expectations from previous AI texts, but also questioning parent-child interactions, which are always implicated in tales of a newly created lifeform. 
To discover more about OnSpec, visit

No Longer Invulnerable, But Not Vulnerable Enough

A review of Matthew Johnson’s “Heroic Measures” in Irregular Verbs and Other Stories (ChiZine, 2014)
by Derek Newman-Stille

Superheroes inspire the imagination. They are larger than life. They are impossible. They are figures of immortality, defying the touch of death and aging. So, what happens when our superheroes age? What happens when their bodies begin to change? 
Matthew Johnson explores superhero mortality in “Heroic Measures”, presenting readers with an aging superhero who seems remarkably similar to Superman (with dark-framed glasses, invulnerable skin, a little s-curl of hair on his forehead, a bald, wealthy adversary, and plucky former reporter for a partner). This superheroic figure has had what may be a stroke and is experiencing the shut-down of all of his bodily organs.
Doctors, in their compulsion to ‘fix’ whatever they see as ‘broken’ try to intervene in his health care, but their medical technology is no more able to pierce his skin than a speeding bullet would be. They admit that even if they could see into his body with X-Rays or a scalpel, they still wouldn’t know what was normal for his alien biology. This Super body is medically defiant and resistant, unable to be ‘fixed’. But, his body is also trying to constantly heal itself. He is suspended in a liminal space between healing and death, his organs healing themselves only to have others fail. 
What happens when our Supermen age and approach death? What happens when these icons of seeming eternal youth and virility meet age, something that our society imbues with the imagery of loss and eventual death? 
To discover more about Matthew Johnson, visit his website at

To discover more about Irregular Verbs and Other Stories, visit ChiZine’s website at 

2015 Aurora Nominee

Dear Speculating Canada fans,  

 Speculating Canada has been nominated for a Prix Aurora Award again this year, which is extremely exciting news… and all of this is thanks to you and your support and participation in the project of speculating the Canadian fantastic. I want to thank all of you for all of your insightful questions, for reading the site, for introducing me to authors, and for letting me know that all of you are out there and interested in reading about the type of reviews, commentaries, and interviews that Speculating Canada does. 

A year ago, Speculating Canada jumped onto the airwaves in addition to being on the web at this site, and it is incredibly wonderful to find out that Speculating Canada on Trent Radio has been nominated for a Prix Aurora Award in addition to the Speculating Canada website. Thank you to Trent Radio (92.7 FM in Peterborough) for all of their support and for providing a space for radio broadcasts.

Visit the Prix Aurora Awards website at and check out Speculating Canada under the following Categories. 

Speculating Canada – Best Fan Publications category

Speculating Canada on Trent Radio 92.7 FM – Best Fan Related Work category.

I also encourage you to check out the Prix Aurora Awards nominees in all of the categories because there is some amazing Canadian SF work on the ballot and it is worth checking out and participating in the voting process. 

Here are some of the amazing works on the ballot this year:

Best Novel – English

Echopraxia by Peter Watts, Tor Books

The Future Falls by Tanya Huff, DAW Books

My Real Children by Jo Walton, Tor Books

The Peripheral by William Gibson, Penguin Canada

A Play of Shadow by Julie E. Czerneda, DAW Books
Best Young Adult Novel – English

Lockstep by Karl Schroeder, Tor Books

Mabel the Lovelorn Dwarf by Sherry Peters, Dwarvenamazon

Out of This World by Charles de Lint, Razorbill Canada

Rain by Amanda Sun, Harlequin TEEN

Sea of Shadows by Kelley Armstrong, Doubleday Canada

Twist of the Blade by Edward Willett, Coteau Books

The Voices in Between by Charlene Challenger, Tightrope Books
Best Short Fiction – English

“Crimson Sky” by Eric Choi, Analog, July/August

“Jelly and the D-Machine” by Suzanne Church, Elements: A Collection of Speculative Fiction, EDGE

“Mecha-Jesus” by Derwin Mak, Wrestling With Gods: Tesseracts Eighteen, EDGE

“No Sweeter Art” by Tony Pi, Beneath Ceaseless Skies #155, September 4, 2014

“Soul-Hungry” by Suzanne Church, Elements: A Collection of Speculative Fiction, EDGE
Best Poem/Song – English

“A Hex, With Bees” by Tony Pi, Wrestling With Gods: Tesseracts Eighteen, EDGE

“Aversions” by Helen Marshall, Goblin Fruit, October

“The Machine” by David Clink, Wrestling With Gods: Tesseracts Eighteen, EDGE

“The New Ways” by Amal El-Mohtar, Uncanny Magazine, November

“The Perfect Library” by David Clink, If the World were to Stop Spinning (Chapbook)
Best Graphic Novel – English

Cassie & Tonk by Justin Currie and GMB Chomichuk, Chasing Artwork

It Never Rains by Kari Maaren, Webcomic

Raygun Gothic Vol. 2 by GMB Chomichuk, Alchemical Press

Treadwell by Dominic Bercier, Mirror Comics

Trillium by Jeff Lemire, DC Comics-Vertigo
Best Related Work – English

Elements: A Collection of Speculative Fiction by Suzanne Church, EDGE

Gifts for the One Who Comes After by Helen Marshall, CZP

Lackington’s Magazine edited by Ranylt Richildis

On Spec published by the Copper Pig Writers’ Society

Strange Bedfellows edited by Hayden Trenholm, Bundoran Press
Best Artist

James Beveridge, cover for Tantamount and Out Dweller

Erik Mohr, cover for The Door in the Mountain and ChiZine Publications

Derek Newman-Stille, cover for Elephants and Omnibuses

Dan O’Driscoll, covers for Bundoran Press and On Spec magazine

Lynne Taylor Fahnestalk & Steve Fahnestalk, “Walking on the Moon”, cover for On Spec, No. 95 (Vol. 25 No. 4),
Best Fan Publication

Broken Toys edited by Taral Wayne

Ecdysis edited by Jonathan Crowe

Pubnites & Other Events edited by Yvonne Penney

Space Cadet edited by R. Graeme Cameron

Speculating Canada edited by Derek Newman-Stille
Best Fan Music

Brooke Abbey, Weirdness from 2014, Bandcamp

Copy Red Leader, Crossing the Streams CD, The Pond Studio

Debs & Errol (Deborah Linden and Errol Elumir), OVFF Concert (Ohio Valley Filk Fest)

Kari Maaren, YouTube Channel

Stone Dragons, Dream of Flying CD, Stone Dragon Studios
Best Fan Organizational

Sandra Kasturi, Chair, Chiaroscuro Reading Series: Toronto

Derek Künsken, Farrell McGovern, Caycee Price and Elizabeth Buchan–Kimmerly, Executive, Can*Con 2014, Ottawa

Randy McCharles, Chair, When Words Collide, Calgary

Matt Moore, Marie Bilodeau and Nicole Lavigne, Co-chairs, Chiaroscuro Reading Series: Ottawa

Alana Otis-Wood and Paul Roberts, Co-chairs, Ad Astra Convention, Toronto
Best Fan Related Work

R. Graeme Cameron, weekly column in Amazing Stories Magazine

Steve Fahnestalk, weekly column in Amazing Stories Magazine

Kevin B. Madison, Thunder Road Trip

Derek Newman-Stille, Speculating, Canada on Trent Radio 92.7 FM

Lloyd Penney, fan writing for fanzines and e-zines
The awards will be given out at Canvention 35, hosted by SFContario 6 in Toronto, Ontario on the weekend of November 20 – 22nd. Full details about CSFFA, the awards and voting can be found at

Quote – SF to Confirm People’s Complacency

“I see the ways in which science fiction is too often used to confirm people’s complacency, to reassure them that it’s okay for them not to act, because they are not the lone superhero who will fix the world’s ills”

-Nalo Hopkinson – Forward to Falling in Love With Hominids

(Hu)Man’s Best Friend

A review of Janet K. Nicolson’s “Chance Encounters” in OnSpec Vol 26, No. 3

By Derek Newman-Stille

In “Chance Encounters“, Janet K. Nicolson puts the reader in the position of a cattle dog, exploring the difference in language and sensory perception inherent in that switch in existence. The dog, as “man’s best friend” is both familiar to us and strange, in a complicated relationship with human beings. As human beings, we require our animal companions, especially those we put to work, to learn about our position, our perceptions, and out language, but it is rare to do the opposite: to consider animal consciousness and try to understand animals. 

Chance, a dog who is accustomed to navigating the relationship between human and animal as a dog who works for a human being to care for his cattle, is the only one able to navigate the complex relationship between human beings and alien lifeforms who are conducting cattle mutilations in a small Saskatchewan farm. Chance is able to observe the aliens and seek to understand their position and uncover why they are taking cattle.

Nicolson, rather than focusing on the human perspective in an alien encounter, pushes readers to recognize that when we privilege human experience, we lose the overall experience of understanding our own world and its diversity, let alone opening our minds to the possibility of life beyond it. 

To discover more about OnSpec, visit